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learn:tools [2020/07/16 04:38]
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 ===== Difficulty Levels ===== ===== Difficulty Levels =====
  
-  * easy no prior knowledge necessary +  * easyno prior knowledge necessary 
-  * medium easy to learn +  * mediumeasy to learn 
-  * hard complex knowledge necessary+  * hardcomplex knowledge necessary
  
 ===== Android ===== ===== Android =====
  
 ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^ ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^
-|//Browsing//   |[[https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.mozilla.focus|Firefox Focus]]|easy|open-source browser+|//Anonymous browsing// |[[https://www.torproject.org/download/#android|Tor Browser]] |easy| Onion-routed, hardened Firefox from the Tor Project
-|//Anonymous Browsing// |[[https://www.torproject.org/download/#android|Tor Browser]] |easy| | +|//Anonymous chats// |[[https://briarproject.org/|Briar]] |mediumOnion-routed anonymous messaging
-|[[https://guardianproject.info/releases/orbot-latest.apk|OrBot]] + [[https://guardianproject.info/apps/orfox/|OrFox]]|easy|Proxy With Tor/Private Web Browser+|//Browsing//   |[[https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.mozilla.focus|Firefox Focus]]|easy|Open-source browser
-|//Phone Calls, Chat//   |[[https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.thoughtcrime.securesms|Signal]]|easy|encrypted phone calls, video calls, and messages; WhatsApp alternative| +|//End-to-end encrypted calls and chat//   |[[https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.thoughtcrime.securesms|Signal]]|easy|End-to-end encrypted phone calls, video calls, and messages; WhatsApp alternative| 
-| |[[https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.wire|Wire]]|easy|encrypted phone calls, video chats and messages; WhatsApp alternative| +| |[[https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.wire|Wire]]|easy|End-to-encrypted phone calls, video chats and messages; WhatsApp alternative| 
-|//Chat//   |[[https://github.com/siacs/Conversations#conversations|Conversations]]|medium|encrypted chat (jabber plus OTR & OMEMO)| +|//End-to-end encrypted chat//   |[[https://github.com/siacs/Conversations#conversations|Conversations]]|medium|End-to-encrypted chat (jabber plus OTR & OMEMO)| 
-|//Cloud//   |[[https://nextcloud.com/yourdata/|Nextcloud]]|easy|self hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud")| +|//Client-side encrypted cloud//   |[[https://nextcloud.com/files/|Nextcloud]]|easy|Self-hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud")| 
-|//Email//   |[[http://www.openkeychain.org/|OpenKeyChain]]/[[https://f-droid.org/repo/com.fsck.k9_20004.apk|K9Mail]]  |hard|encrypted e-mail| +|//End-to-end encrypted email//   |[[http://www.openkeychain.org/|OpenKeyChain]]/[[https://f-droid.org/en/packages/com.fsck.k9/|K9Mail]]  |hard| End-to-end encrypted e-mail| 
-|//Passwords//   |[[https://www.keepassdx.com/|KeePassDX]]|medium|password manager|+|//Passwords//   |[[https://www.keepassdx.com/|KeePassDX]]|medium|Password manager
 +|//File Sync//    |[[https://syncthing.net/|Syncthing]]|medium|Encrypted, decentralized file sync| 
 +|//Operating System//   |[[https://lineageos.org/|LineageOS]]|hard|Alternative operating system based on Android|
 |//Other//   |[[https://f-droid.org|F-Droid]]|medium|"App-Store" for free software| |//Other//   |[[https://f-droid.org|F-Droid]]|medium|"App-Store" for free software|
 |   |[[https://github.com/grote/Liberario|Transportr]]|easy|Map for Public Transport (formerly known as Liberario)| |   |[[https://github.com/grote/Liberario|Transportr]]|easy|Map for Public Transport (formerly known as Liberario)|
 |   |[[https://f-droid.org/en/packages/com.github.axet.maps/|Maps]]|medium|OpenStreetMapc client with offline maps and navigation| |   |[[https://f-droid.org/en/packages/com.github.axet.maps/|Maps]]|medium|OpenStreetMapc client with offline maps and navigation|
 |   |[[https://f-droid.org/en/packages/net.typeblog.shelter/|Shelter]]|medium|Shelters apps e.g. from your contact list| |   |[[https://f-droid.org/en/packages/net.typeblog.shelter/|Shelter]]|medium|Shelters apps e.g. from your contact list|
-|//Operating System//   |[[https://lineageos.org/|LineageOS]]|hard|alternative operating system based on Android| +
-|//File Sync//    |[[https://syncthing.net/|Syncthing]]|medium|encrypted, decentralized file sync|+
  
  
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 ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^ ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^
 |//Anonymous Browsing//   |[[https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/onion-browser/id519296448?mt=8&at=10l9R4|Onion Browser]]|easy|Proxy With Tor/Private Web Browser| |//Anonymous Browsing//   |[[https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/onion-browser/id519296448?mt=8&at=10l9R4|Onion Browser]]|easy|Proxy With Tor/Private Web Browser|
-|//Phone Calls, Chat//   |[[https://itunes.apple.com/app/id874139669|Signal]]|easy|encrypted phone calls, video chats, and messages; WhatsApp alternative| +|//Phone Calls, Chat//   |[[https://itunes.apple.com/app/id874139669|Signal]]|easy|End-to-end encrypted phone calls, video chats, and messages; WhatsApp alternative| 
-| |[[https://itunes.apple.com/de/app/wire-sicherer-messenger/id930944768?mt=8|Wire]]|easy|encrypted phone calls, video chats and messages; WhatsApp alternative| +| |[[https://itunes.apple.com/de/app/wire-sicherer-messenger/id930944768?mt=8|Wire]]|easy|End-to-end encrypted phone calls, video chatsand messages; WhatsApp alternative| 
-|//Chat//   |[[https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/chatsecure/id464200063?mt=8|ChatSecure]]|medium|encrypted chat (with jabber plus OTR & OMEMO)| +|//Chat//   |[[https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/chatsecure/id464200063?mt=8|ChatSecure]]|medium|End-to-end encrypted chat (with jabber plus OTR & OMEMO)| 
-|//Cloud//   |[[https://nextcloud.com/yourdata/|Nextcloud]]|easy|self hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud")| +|//Cloud//   |[[https://nextcloud.com/yourdata/|Nextcloud]]|easy|Self-hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud")| 
-|//Password-Management// |[[https://apps.apple.com/us/app/keepassium-password-manager/id1435127111|Keepassium]]|medium|password management|+|//Password-Management// |[[https://apps.apple.com/us/app/keepassium-password-manager/id1435127111|Keepassium]]|medium|Password manager|
  
  
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 ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^ ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^
-|//Adblocker//   |[[https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/ublock-origin/|uBlock Origin]]|easy|more than a multiple ad blocker| +|//Adblocker//   |[[https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/ublock-origin/|uBlock Origin]]|easy|More than a multiple ad blocker| 
-| |[[https://www.eff.org/privacybadger|Privacy Badger]]|easy|self learning tracking blocker| +|//Privacy plugin//|[[https://www.eff.org/privacybadger|Privacy Badger]]|easy|Self-learning tracking blocker| 
-| |[[https://noscript.net/|NoScript]]|hard|manage javascript, flash, anti-xss, java, anti-clickjacking| +| |[[https://noscript.net/|NoScript]]|hard|Manage javascript, flash, anti-xss, java, anti-clickjacking| 
-| |[[https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/umatrix/|uMatrix]]|hard|blocks scripts, iframes, ads, facebook, etc.| +| |[[https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/umatrix/|uMatrix]]|hard|Blocks scripts, iframes, ads, facebook, etc.
-|//Cookies// |[[https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/cookie-autodelete/|Cookie AutoDelete]]|medium|auto delete for cookies without closing the browser| +| |[[https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/happy-bonobo-disable-webrtc/|Disable WebRTC]]|easy|Browser add-on to disable Web-RTC based leak of IP-address
-|//Browser Fingerprint// |[[https://github.com/kkapsner/CanvasBlocker/|CanvasBlocker]]|easy|Browser Add-on to change JS-API for modifying canvas to prevent Canvas-Fingerprinting| +|//Cookies// |[[https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/cookie-autodelete/|Cookie AutoDelete]]|medium|Auto-delete for cookies without closing the browser| 
-|//HTTPS//   |[[https://www.eff.org/https-everywhere|HTTPS Everywhere]]|easy|switch to HTTPS version of websites automatically| +|//Browser Fingerprint// |[[https://github.com/kkapsner/CanvasBlocker/|CanvasBlocker]]|easy|Browser add-on to change JS-API for modifying canvas to prevent Canvas-Fingerprinting| 
-|//Search Engine//   |https://duckduckgo.com ([[http://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion/|Tor only]])|easy|meta search engine| +|//HTTPS//   |[[https://www.eff.org/https-everywhere|HTTPS Everywhere]]|easy|Switch to encrypted (=HTTPSversion of websites automatically| 
- |https://searx.me|easy|open-source search front-end, self-hosted e.g. as [[https://search.fuckoffgoogle.net]]+|//Search Engine//|[[https://duckduckgo.com|DuckDuckGO]] ([[http://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion/|Onion URL]])|easy|Private search engine| 
- |https://www.metager.de/en/ ([[http://b7cxf4dkdsko6ah2.onion/tor/en/|Tor only]])|easy|meta search engine| +| |[[https://searx.me/|Searx]]|easy|(self-hosted e.g. as https://search.fuckoffgoogle.net/)
-|//Video Chat//   |[[https://talky.io|talky.io]]|easy|WebRTC meeting rooms+|//Meta Search Engine//|[[https://www.metager.de/en/|MetaGer]] ([[http://b7cxf4dkdsko6ah2.onion/|Onion URL]]) |easy|Private search engine|| 
-|   |[[https://meet.jit.si/|meet.jit.si]]|easy|WebRTC meeting rooms| +
-|   |[[https://www.spreed.me|Spreed.me]]|easy|WebRTC meeting rooms| +
-|//Cross Site Scripting//   |[[https://www.requestpolicy.com/|RequestPolicy]]|hard|XSS prevention|+
  
 ===== Windows ===== ===== Windows =====
  
 ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^ ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^
-|//Browsing//   |[[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/new/|Firefox]]|easy|open-source browser+|//Anonymous Browsing//   |[[https://www.torproject.org/download/download-easy.html.en|Tor Browser]]|easy|Onion-routed, hardened Firefox from the Tor Project
-|//Anonymous Browsing//   |[[https://www.torproject.org/download/download-easy.html.en|Tor Browser]]|easy|anonymous browsing+|//Browsing//   |[[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/new/|Firefox]]|easy|Open-source browser
-|//Chat//   |[[https://signal.org/download/|Signal]]|easy|encrypted phone calls, video chatsand messages; WhatsApp alternative| +|//End-to-end encrypted chat//   |[[https://signal.org/download/|Signal]]|easy|End-to-encrypted phone calls, video chats and messages; WhatsApp alternative| 
-|   |[[https://wire.com/download/|Wire]]|easy|encrypted phone calls, video chats and messages; WhatsApp alternative| +|   |[[https://wire.com/download/|Wire]]|easy|End-to-encrypted phone calls, video chats and messages; WhatsApp alternative| 
-|//Cloud//   |[[https://nextcloud.com/yourdata/|Nextcloud]]|hard|self hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud")| +|//Client-side encrypted cloud//   |[[https://nextcloud.com/yourdata/|Nextcloud]]|hard|Self hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud")| 
-|//Email//   |[[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/thunderbird/|Thunderbird]]+[[http://www.enigmail.net/download/|Enigmail]]|hard|email encryption: client (Thunderbird) & Enigmail (encryption)| +|//End-to-end encrypted email//   |[[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/thunderbird/|Thunderbird]]+[[http://www.enigmail.net/download/|Enigmail]]|hard|Secure Email: client (Thunderbird) & Enigmail (PGP-encryption)| 
-|//File Sharing//   |[[https://onionshare.org/|OnionShare]]|easy|secure and anonymous file sharing| +|//File Sharing//   |[[https://onionshare.org/|OnionShare]]|easy|Secure and anonymous file sharing| 
-|//File Encryption//   |[[https://www.veracrypt.fr/en/Home.html|VeraCrypt]]|medium|continuation of TrueCrypt| +|//File Encryption//   |[[https://www.veracrypt.fr/en/Home.html|VeraCrypt]]|medium|Continuation of TrueCrypt| 
-|//​Metadata// ​|[[http://codewelt.com/stripper|MetaData Stripper]]|easy|remove metadata from photos| +|//​Metadata// ​|[[http://codewelt.com/stripper|MetaData Stripper]]|easy|Remove metadata from photos| 
-|//Passwords// |[[https://keepassxc.org/|KeePassXC]]|easy|password manager| +|//Passwords// |[[https://keepassxc.org/|KeePassXC]]|easy|Offline password manager| 
-|//File Sync// |[[https://syncthing.net/|Syncthing]]|medium|encrypted, decentralized file sync|+|//File Sync// |[[https://syncthing.net/|Syncthing]]|medium|Encrypted, decentralized file sync|
  
 ===== Linux ===== ===== Linux =====
  
 ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^ ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^
-|//Browsing// |[[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/new/|Firefox]] |easy |open-source browser +|//Anonymous Browsing//           | [[https://www.torproject.org/download/download-easy.html.en|Tor Browser]]              |easy | Onion-routed, hardened Firefox from the Tor Project
-|//Anonymous Browsing//           | [[https://www.torproject.org/download/download-easy.html.en|Tor Browser]]              | easy        anonymous browsing                                                                                                                                                                   +|//Anonymous Messaging//          | [[https://www.publish0x.com/fav/privacy-how-to-install-and-run-briar-in-linux-mint-xvreqod?a=WZdP83ydKg&tid=briar|Briar]]              |medium | Onion-routed anonymous messaging| 
-|//Chat//                         | [[https://signal.org/download/|Signal]]                                                |easy        | encrypted phone calls, video chats, and messages; WhatsApp alternative                                                                                                               +|//Browsing//                     | [[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/new/|Firefox]]                                 |easy | Open-source browser
-                                 | [[https://wire.com/download/|Wire]]                                                    |easy        Encrypted chats with other computers and with mobile phones. Video chats possible.                                                                                                   +|//End-to-end encrypted chat//    | [[https://signal.org/download/|Signal]]                                                |easy | End-to-end encrypted phone calls, video chats, and messages; WhatsApp alternative| 
-|//Cloud//                        | [[https://nextcloud.com/yourdata/|Nextcloud]]                                          |hard        self hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud"                                                                                                                         +                                | [[https://wire.com/download/|Wire]]                                                    |easy | End-to-end encrypted chats with other computers and with mobile phones. Video chats possible| 
-|//Email//  |Thunderbird+Enigmail |hard |by installing the ''enigmail'' package  Thunderbird will be installed, too; ''seahorse-nautilus'' integrates gpg commands into the Nautilus file explorer  +|//Cloud//                        | [[https://nextcloud.com/yourdata/|Nextcloud]]                                          |hard | Self-hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud")| 
-| |kmail+kleopatra |hard |parts of the KDE desktop | +|//Email//                        |Thunderbird+Enigmail                                                                    |hard | By installing the ''enigmail'' package Thunderbird will be installed, too; ''seahorse-nautilus'' integrates gpg-commands into the Nautilus file explorer| 
-|//Full Disk / File Encryption//  |[[https://www.veracrypt.fr/en/Home.html|VeraCrypt]] |medium |continuation of TrueCrypt | +                                |kmail+kleopatra                                                                         |hard | kmail is part of the KDE desktop| 
-|  | [[http://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/LUKS|LUKS+dmcrypt]] |hard |package name: ''cryptsetup''+|//Full Disk / File Encryption//  |[[https://www.veracrypt.fr/en/Home.html|VeraCrypt]] |medium |Continuation of TrueCrypt | 
-|//File Sharing//  |[[https://onionshare.org/|OnionShare]] |easy |secure and anonymous file sharing (package name: ''onionshare'') | +|  | [[http://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/LUKS|LUKS+dmcrypt]] |hard |Disc encryption for Linux (package name: ''cryptsetup''
-|//Metadata//  |[[https://mat.boum.org/|Metadata Anonymisation Toolkit]] |easy |remove metadata from photos, text files, etcpackage name:''mat''+|//File Sharing//  |[[https://onionshare.org/|OnionShare]] |easy |Secure and anonymous file sharing (package name: ''onionshare'') | 
-|//Passwords//  |[[https://keepassxc.org/|KeepassXC]] |easy | | +|//Metadata//  |[[https://mat.boum.org/|Metadata Anonymisation Toolkit]] |easy |Remove metadata from photos, text files, etc. (package name:''mat''
-|//File Sync//   |[[https://syncthing.net/|Syncthing]] |medium |encrypted, decentralized file sync |+|//Passwords//  |[[https://keepassxc.org/|KeepassXC]] |easy | Offline password manager
 +|//File Sync//   |[[https://syncthing.net/|Syncthing]] |medium |Encrypted, decentralized file sync | 
 + 
 +===== Privacy focused Linux distributions ===== 
 + 
 +^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^ 
 +|//Anonymity// | [[https://tails.boum.org/|Tails]]|medium|Amnesic, Incognito Live OS| 
 +| | [[https://www.whonix.org/|Whonix]]|medium|Anonymizing virtual machine and gateway| 
 +|//High-security//|[[https://qubes-os.org|Qubes]]|hard|Security through Xen-hypervisor based isolation. Also provides anonymity.| 
 + 
  
 ===== MacOSX ===== ===== MacOSX =====
  
 ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^ ^Topic^Link^Difficulty^Description^
-|//Browsing//   |[[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/new/|Firefox]]|easy|open-source browser+|//Anonymous Browsing//   |[[https://www.torproject.org/download/download-easy.html.en|Tor Browser]]|easy| Onion-routed, hardened Firefox from the Tor Project
-|//Anonymous Browsing//   |[[https://www.torproject.org/download/download-easy.html.en|Tor Browser]]|easy|anonymous browsing+|//Browsing//   |[[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/new/|Firefox]]|easy|Open-source browser
-|//Chat//   |[[https://signal.org/download/|Signal]]|easy|encrypted phone calls, video chats, and messages; WhatsApp alternative| +|//End-to-end encrypted chat//   |[[https://signal.org/download/|Signal]]|easy|End-to-end encrypted phone calls, video chats, and messages; WhatsApp alternative| 
-|   |[[https://wire.com/download/|Wire]]|easy|encrypted phone calls, video chats and messages; WhatsApp alternative| +|   |[[https://wire.com/download/|Wire]]|easy|End-to-end encrypted phone calls, video chats and messages; WhatsApp alternative| 
-|//Cloud//   |[[https://nextcloud.com/yourdata/|Nextcloud]]|hard|self hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud")| +|//Cloud//   |[[https://nextcloud.com/yourdata/|Nextcloud]]|hard|Self-hosting and contact/calendar synchronization ("cloud")| 
-|//Email//   |[[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/thunderbird/|Thunderbird]]+[[http://www.enigmail.net/download/|Enigmail]]|hard|email encryption: client (Thunderbird) & Enigmail (encryption)| +|//Email//   |[[https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/thunderbird/|Thunderbird]]+[[http://www.enigmail.net/download/|Enigmail]]|hard|Email encryption: client (Thunderbird) & Enigmail (encryption)| 
-|   |[[https://gpgtools.org/|gpgtools]]+Mail.app|hard|email encryption with Mail| +|   |[[https://gpgtools.org/|gpgtools]]+Mail.app|hard|Email encryption with Mail| 
-|//File Encryption//   |[[https://www.veracrypt.fr/en/Home.html|VeraCrypt]] (requires [[https://osxfuse.github.io/|FUSE for MacOS]])|medium|continuation of TrueCrypt| +|//File Encryption//   |[[https://www.veracrypt.fr/en/Home.html|VeraCrypt]] (requires [[https://osxfuse.github.io/|FUSE for MacOS]])|medium|Continuation of TrueCrypt| 
-|//File Sharing//   |[[https://onionshare.org/|OnionShare]]|easy|secure and anonymous file sharing| +|//File Sharing//   |[[https://onionshare.org/|OnionShare]]|easy|Secure and anonymous file sharing| 
-|//Metadata//   |[[http://codewelt.com/stripper|MetaData Stripper]]|easy|remove metadata from photos| +|//Metadata//   |[[http://codewelt.com/stripper|MetaData Stripper]]|easy|Remove metadata from photos| 
-|//Passwords//   |[[https://keepassxc.org/|KeePassXC]]|easy|password manager| +|//Passwords//   |[[https://keepassxc.org/|KeePassXC]]|easy|Offline-password manager| 
-|//File Sync//    |[[https://syncthing.net/|Syncthing]]|medium|encrypted, decentralized file sync|+|//File Sync//    |[[https://syncthing.net/|Syncthing]]|medium|Encrypted, decentralized file sync|